Glossary for WordPress beginners: UPDATE (2018)
Earlier we already published an Explanatory Glossary for WordPress beginners, if you read our blog regularly, you probably remember. But of course, the developments do not stand still. That is why we have added a number of relevant terms to the list again. Obviously including explanation!
Glossary for WordPress beginners
a11y: A11y is an acronym for accessibility or accessibility. The 11 represents the 11 letters between the a and they to make the word shorter, which is especially useful on social media. The A11y Project is an initiative to make the web more accessible.
Admin: An admin is someone who has 100% access to your WordPress Dashboard. This means that he or she has access to your theme, messages, settings, etc. If you manage your WordPress blog on your own, then you only have admin rights. But if you work together with a web designer, for example, you could also give admin rights.
Apache: Apache is the most used web server software, developed and maintained by Apache Software Foundation. It concerns open source software that is available free of charge.
API: An API or Application Programming Interface is a software intermediary that enables programs to communicate with each other and share data in clearly defined ways.
Atom: Atom is a free, open source word processor that has been specially developed for programming. More information can be found at https://atom.io/.
Avatar: An avatar is an image or illustration that refers to a character representing an online user. In most cases, it is a square or round box that appears next to the username.
Backlink: Inbound links to a web page. Search engines consider backlinks to be a ‘reputation builder.’ The more quality backlinks a site has, the better it usually scores in search engines.
bbPress: bbPress is free, open source software built on WordPress and specially developed to create forums on websites.
Beta: A pre-release of software that is made available to a group of users so that they can test the relevant software under real conditions. Beta versions differ in appearance and do not function much of the end product; however, minor adjustments are often made to improve the software for the official release.
Block: Block is the abstract term used for describing units of format that form the content or layout of a web page. What we still achieve in WordPress with the help of shortcodes and custom HTML, we will soon do with Gutenberg blocks.
Categories: Categories are nothing more than a way to organize your WordPress messages. Categories are the least specific way to organize your WordPress messages, but also the easiest for your visitors to understand and follow.
Child Theme: A child theme is a sub-theme that inherits the functionality, styles, and features of the parent theme. The advantage of a child theme is that you can update the parent theme without making the adjustments made to the child theme being affected. Also read: What is a child’s theme and why should you use one?
CMS: CMS is the abbreviation for Content Management System. A CMS makes it easier for people without technical knowledge to manage their own websites and post content. WordPress is one of the most popular and widely used Content Management Systems.
Cowboy Coding: Cowboy Coding refers to making adjustments to the code on a live website, rather than on a test site.
cPanel: The brand name for a specific type of standardized web hosting control panel, which is used in a shared Linux web hosting environment. More information can be found at https://cpanel.com/.
CSS: Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a language used to define the look and feel of HTML documents. WordPress themes use both HTML and CSS. Each WordPress theme contains a style.css document containing all ‘style rules’ for that particular theme. CSS is relatively easy to use and learn. With little basic knowledge, you can adjust the look and feel of your theme yourself.
Custom Post Types: A Custom Post Type is a type of message that is different from a blog post or a page. You can think of events such as Events, Reviews or Tutorials. Custom Post Types are especially useful if you want to add extra information or do something specific with just that type of message. For example, if you’re going to create an archive with only movie reviews. A Custom Post Type is ideal for this. Read also: Adding custom CSS to WordPress: 4 methods.
Customizer: A tool that is integrated into the WordPress Core and is compatible with most modern themes. You can use the Customizer to far to view and modify your website’s settings.
Dashboard: Your Dashboard is in fact the ‘home’ of your website or blog and should not be missed in our Glossary for WordPress beginners. Here you can find everything you need to manage your blog.Read also: 7 free WordPress plugins for additional Dashboard features.
DNS: DNS is an acronym for Domain Name System – how to assign a human-readable address to the exact numerical coded location of a website.
Domain name: A domain name is the name used to define a website on the internet. At the ‘back,’ sites are associated with IP addresses; numerical addresses that tell your browser where the website can be found on the internet. Such addresses are of course difficult for people to remember, and that is why every website has a corresponding domain name. Think of it as the human, readable version of the IP address. Our domain name is www.toptut.com.
FTP: File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is an internet protocol used to ‘transfer’ files from one computer to another the other. To give an example, if you have a WordPress blog you often use FTP to upload all files from your computer to the server.Read also: The 5 best FTP clients for WordPress users.
Git: Git is a free and open source distributed version control system, designed to tackle both small and massive projects quickly and efficiently. Git is easy to learn. Most modern themes and plugins are developed with the help of this version control system. More information can be found at https://git-scm.com/.
Github: Github is a website with online implementations of git repositories that can be easily shared, copied and modified by other developers. More information can be found at https://github.com/
Gravatar: Gravatar is an acronym for Globally Recognized Avatar. It is the avatar system that is managed by WordPress.com.Read also: A short introduction to Gravatars.
.htaccess: .htaccess is a configuration file used on web servers that the Apache Web Server software runs on.
HTML: HTML is an acronym for HyperText Markup Language. It is a scripting language used in developing websites.HTTP: HTTP is an acronym for HyperText Transfer Protocol. HTTP is the underlying protocol used by the World Wide Web. It defines how messages are formatted and sent, and what actions web servers and browsers should take in response to different commands.
HTTP: HTTPS is an acronym for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure. HTTPS is the secure version of HTTP. The ‘S’ at the end stands for ‘Secure.’ This means that all communication between your browser and the website is encrypted. This is especially important for protecting sensitive data, such as bank data.
Media Library: The Media Library is the place where all your media files are stored: your photos, videos, audio files, documents, and so on. Every time you add a file to a blog post, it is automatically saved in your Media library. That is ideal, because you can quickly find media files that you have already used elsewhere. Or make photo galleries. This saves both your time and storage space, because you do not have to upload the same file every time you want to use it in several places.
MySQL: MySQL is a relational database management system of data where content, configuration and other options are stored. Open source : Open source is a term used to describe computer programs whose source code is visible to everyone. WordPress is also open source. Everyone can view, adjust and improve the source code. An open source model ensures that software developers can discover and resolve errors (bugs) faster in their code.
Permalink: Permalink is an abbreviation for a permanent link. This is the specific URL for a message or page. Here you can read how to adjust permalinks in WordPress.PHP: PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a programming language used to create dynamic, interactive websites. Ping: Sending a very small amount of data to an endpoint. In computer science ping is used to get a response from a server, with the aim of testing the connection.
Pingback: A pingback is nothing more than an alert that someone has linked to your website or content. Pingbacks appear in the comments of WordPress, and often contain the source where the link comes from.
Plugins: No Glossary for WordPress beginners without plugins! Plugins are small files that you can add to your blog to improve functionality. WordPress can also do a lot without plugins, but plugins often make things a bit simpler. For example, a plugin that lets you add your Instagram feed to your blog, open a contact form in a pop-up, create landing pages and much more. There is a plugin for everywhere!
Post Editor: This is just a fancy name for the place where you do all your writing, under Messages.
Responsive: A responsive website is able to automatically adapt to the device on which the site is viewed is becoming. This means that the website looks good on desktop computers and laptops as well as on tablets and smartphones and is easy to use. Responsiveness is very important because the majority of internet users use mobile devices. This is one of the most important definitions in our Glossary for WordPress beginners. In this article you can read more about the importance of responsiveness.
REST API: REST API is an acronym for the RESTful Application Program Interface that uses HTTP requests for data GET, PUT, POST and DELETE. It is how the front-end of an application (a mobile app or website for example) can communicate with the data storage.
RSS Feed: RSS (an abbreviation for Rich Site Summary) is a collection of web feeds with content that is regularly updated. . You can think of news websites and blogs. WordPress has built-in RSS feeds for the entire site, for specific categories or even for particular authors. People can subscribe to the RSS feed of your website, and automatically get your newest content in their RSS reader.
SEO: SEO stands for Search Engine Optimization, or Search Engine Optimization. This is a collective term for different methods to optimize your blog, which means that you score higher in search engines. This is also one of the most important terms in our Glossary for WordPress beginners.
Shortcodes: Shortcodes in WordPress are small pieces of code that allow you to do different things more easily, without having to rummage directly into the code. This will enable you to embed files or create objects that would typically require a lot of code. In this article we give some examples of shortcodes.
SSH: Secure SHell – a protocol to securely connect to a remote system, in addition to or replacement of a password.SSL: Secure Socket Layer – Encryption from the server to the browser and back. SSL ensures that the data sent between your browser and the server cannot be viewed by others.Read also: Install SSL certificate on your WordPress site.
State of the Word: State of the Word is the annual report of WordPress founder Matt Mullenweg, during the WordCamp US. He discusses what WordPress has done over the past year, what they are doing, and what we can expect from the future.
Tags: Tags can be compared with categories. It is a more specific way to organize your WordPress messages. Tags can be extremely useful as long as you do not create 30 new tags for every blog post that you write. You can reach more people with tags, but only If you do not create so much that they lose their organizational value.
Theme: A WordPress theme is a collection of templates and stylesheets that are used to define the appearance and representation of a WordPress site. WordPress themes can be managed from the WordPress Dashboard under Appearance> Themes. There are both free and paid WordPress themes available. Each theme has its own design, layout and functionalities.
URL: A specific web address on the internet, such as the URL of a website.
Users: A big difference between WordPress and Blogger is that WordPress can add multiple users to one blog. This is very useful, for example, for blogs where several bloggers make contributions. You can also give users roles such as guest, author, editor or admin.
UX: UX is an acronym for User Experience, or user experience. This involves the way the user interacts with the interface.
W3C: The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is an international community where affiliated organizations, full-time workforce and the public work together to develop web standards.
Widgets: A widget is a small block that has a specific function on your blog. Widgets have been developed to give WordPress users control over the design and structure of their WordPress theme in a simple, user-friendly way. You can easily drag widgets to a specific widget area. Go to Appearance> Widgets in your WordPress Dashboard for a list of available widgets.
WooCommerce: WooCommerce is an e-commerce solution for WordPress. It is in fact a platform that can be linked to your WordPress website and ensures that you can carry out transactions online.
WordCamp: A WordCamp is a conference where people from the WordPress community come together to share the knowledge they have acquired. Learn from each other.
WordPress Core: The WordPress Core is the collection of files you get when you go to wordpress.org and click on the “Download WordPress” link; it is WordPress in its purest form, with no added themes or plugins. Only the core! Why this term may not be missing in the Glossary? You can not modify any file in the WordPress Core; If you do that, then you have a chance that you will destroy your WordPress website.
WYSIWYG: What You See Is What You Get. Usually used in relation to editors, where changes in editing mode look exactly like on the published page.
XML-RPC: XML-RPC is a protocol used for remote publishing, or remote publishing. It offers you the opportunity to write your blog messages with Windows Live Writer, for example, and then push your content to your WordPress website. The mobile WordPress app, which is available for both iPhones and Android smartphones, also uses XML RPC. There are more functionalities, but the most important thing is that you can publish messages without using the WordPress interface.
Do you still miss terms in our Glossary for WordPress beginners? Let us know in the comments!